Tuesday, June 13, 2017

It's summer! Time to read!

It's summer!

Time for baseball, hot dogs, amusement parks, water parks, bike riding, vacations, swimming, fishing, . . .  The list could go on and on. 

One thing to add to the list is reading. Summer is a great time to read.

For students, summer reading is critically important. 

Richard Allington, a reading researcher, suggests that young readers can actually go backwards in the summer.  By the end of 6th grade this accumulated loss during the summer can create a reader who is up to 18 months behind where he or she should be. 

For the rest of us - we can be role models as we read in the summer. More importantly we can enjoy ourselves as we find great stories to entertain and inform.

If you are still hesitant - reading is actually good for you. Reading fiction makes you smarter. It increases your vocabulary and language skills and boosts your emotional intelligence. 

So really you have to read!

What should we read? I'm glad you asked. Here are four great choices. 

Technically these books were published for students in grades 4 - 8. But if you love great writing and engaging stories I would encourage anyone to read them. I enjoyed each of them.

Circus Mirandus by Cassie Beasley. An all time favorite book. It is exceptional!

Miss Bixby's Last Day by John David Anderson. A second all time favorite book. Again, exceptional!
Posted by John David Anderson. A just released novel great for middle school students. I loved it.
Posted by [Anderson, John David]

Pack of Dorks by Beth Vrabel. Story of friendship and learning about who you are. 
Pack of Dorks by [Vrabel, Beth] 

That should get you started.

Friday, May 26, 2017

Trusting numbers more than we should


Research has discovered that calorie counters on apps such as the Apple Watch and Fitbit are, for those of use trying to lose weight, not accurate. The report states:

Even when you're using a tech gadget to track calories out, the results are likely too high to tie to the amount you should or can consume.

Yikes! You mean those four minutes on the elliptical don't really burn 400 calories!

While this is both mildly amusing and annoying, how does this connect to learning?

Look at how I have rewritten the sentence about tech gadgets and calories.

Even when you're using a STANDARDIZED TEST to track LEARNING, the results are likely too high (OR POSSIBLY LOW) to tie to the RESULT TO ACTUAL GROWTH OR PERFORMANCE.

As a society, we have become enamored with test results. We have more data than we can possibly use.

That is true in schools. We give an assessment to identify a student's current performance. If they are below a predetermined threshold we, at times, progress monitor every week, every two weeks, every month to see if the student is improving. We then give a mid-year assessment to see what progress a student is making. We fret over decreases of a point or two and celebrate increases of a point or two.

We are driving ourselves and our students crazy!

We need to assess students. But let's do it reasonably.

Let's assess at the beginning of the year and the end of the year.

In between, let's trust the teacher to be able to identify if a student is making progress. Teachers sit down with students to listen, talk, ask questions, and, because they develop relationships with students and come to know them well, teachers know the progress a student is making.


Standardized assessments are clearly part of the process of coming to know if a student is making progress. But we have to also:

TRUST TEACHERS!

Teachers know more about their students than we are often willing to admit. Let's honor the knowledge and skill of our teachers and recognize that teachers can tell us a lot about whether or not students are learning.

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

What will we learn?

Yesterday - April 11 - Michigan's high school testing program began. High school juniors arrived at school, greeted by smiling staff,  eager to communicate that today will be OK. It appears that our Novi High School students were taking the day in stride.
In a few weeks students will receive results. In a few months schools will be judged based on the results of this assessment.

In the end, what will we learn?

It is important that we have a way to determine if our schools are doing their job. There is a reasonable assumption that our students will learn how to read, write, do math, understand science, and know about our place in the world.

Over the years we have decided that state assessments or nationally standardized assessments give us a good sense of whether or not our students have developed those skills. There is some debate about whether or not that perspective is justified, given how test results often break down along class, socioeconomic, or racial lines.   

In addition, others have argued rather passionately that other skills are important. Skills in collaboration, adaptability, imagination, and initiative, for example. Those skills are much harder to assess via a paper and pencil test.

So we are left with the question of what will we learn from our state assessments?

We will learn that some students do very well, most do well, and some need improvement.

These are things that, quite honestly, we knew before we gave the assessment. The results of this high school assessment will not be known for months, will have little influence in the classroom, and will not unduly shape our instructional practice.

What does influence our instructional practice? What teachers see every day in the classroom. Engaged, informed, committed teachers know how to connect with students, engage students in meaningful work, and pull and push students toward competence and then excellence.

I trust what my teachers tell me about their students more than what the state assessment tells me about the students in my district. 

Thursday, March 16, 2017

What are we?

Duck or bunny?

Or both?

Can you see both a duck and a bunny?

This optical illusion has me thinking about schools.

Should schools individualize? Or is teacher-led instruction the most effective? Or is it a combination of individualization and teacher-led activity during each school day?

Should schools teach affective or non-academics skills? Skills in leadership, collaboration, communication? Or should schools just focus on academic subjects?

Should schools embrace technology? What would "embracing technology" look like? A computer in a student's hand every minute of every day? Or is technology a tool and schools should ensure access when needed? If technology is to be used when needed, how does a school help students learn to discern when technology is an appropriate tool?

Should schools do away with grade levels and age-based instruction? Or do grade levels and age-based instruction have a place? And if they do what is that place?

Should schools sort and rank students with grades? Or should schools do away with grades and focus on ensuring students can meet certain standards? Or are standards too restrictive and schools should instead focus on competencies that every student should master?

There are plenty of questions about schools. And almost everyone has an opinion. Where one person sees that schools should do "X", another person sees that schools should do "Y" and still another person sees that schools should do "Z."

Schools cannot do everything.

Schools cannot be everything.

While I do not know the perfect answer to what schools should be, I do know that schools should be important in helping our students learn to think.

Alvin Toffler once said:
The question is how do we help our students develop the skills needed to be successful in the complex world that we now find ourselves trying to navigate.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

The high cost of not changing

There is evidence that doctors prescribe and patients demand practices and procedures that do little good and may even do harm. An article from February 22, 2017, in The Atlantic states rather ominously:

it is distressingly ordinary for patients to get treatments that research has shown are ineffective or even dangerous.

And wait there's more! The article goes on to say:

. . . medicine is quick to adopt practices based on shaky evidence but slow to drop them once they’ve been blown up by solid proof.

Oh my!

How does this relate to schools and classrooms and students and teachers - things that I care deeply about?

There are many threads to this story.

Learning is a complex. Learning is difficult. Helping someone learn to read or understand linear equations or explain supply and demand or describe how temperature, pressure, activation energy, and concentration affect the rate of a chemical reaction is not easy. To do this successfully requires not only a person who understands the subject but also understands how six- and nine- and thirteen- and seventeen-year-olds think and reason and understand.

It is hard work!

And the teachers I see every day willingly engage in the tasks that are required to understand their subject and their students. They engage in this work because they want to, because they know it is important, because it makes a difference.

I believe that doctors know their work is important. I believe that doctors engage in their work because they know it makes a difference. But, as the article in The Atlantic makes clear, some doctors

. . . continue to deliver these treatments because it’s profitable—or even because they’re popular and patients demand them.

Teachers don't have a profit margin that they worry about. Teachers don't resist change because changing would affect their bottom line.

However, teachers can and do face pressure not to change because their current practice is popular. Sometimes current instructional strategies are fun. But as teachers evaluate their current practice they may identify more effective strategies. Leaving behind a cherished practice is hard. But teachers do it all the time.

Engaging students today requires incredible insight. Making learning relevant requires teachers who understand that what worked yesterday may not work today. Today's students are different from yesterday's students. Engaging these students requires new strategies, new insights, new approaches.

I appreciate the willingness of the teachers that I know to continue to find instructional strategies that work.

Change is hard.But not changing is harder!

Thursday, February 16, 2017

Take time to read - aloud!

I visited Novi High School today. I walked into a Spanish III class to listen. When there was a break in the action, two students called me to the back of the room.

They asked, quite earnestly, "Have you read this?"

They were very excited about it. They explained it briefly. They told me the media center had copies. So I promptly went to the media center and checked out a copy.

When high school students give me book recommendations, I go grab the book.

Today is World Read Aloud Day 2017! The organizers say it is a day to "celebrate literacy and the pure joy and power of reading aloud."

When my children were small we tried to read aloud every single day. It provided a time for us to connect. It gave us things to talk about. It gave us things to anticipate.

Find books to read with your children. You'll be glad you did!

Tuesday, January 31, 2017

The heroism of everyday teachers

Teachers - those who work with students every day, who develop relationships, who care deeply for their students - take the long view. The long view is not necessarily dramatic or adrenaline-filled or prone to immediate results.

But it is effective.

Atul Gawande in The New Yorker discusses the power of incremental medical care and the tendency in society to avoid addressing problems:

until they are well upon us and unavoidable, and we don’t trust solutions that promise benefits only down the road.

Teachers are the masters of incremental care. Teachers recognize that students did not fall into their situations overnight and that students will not be rescued from low performance or low achievement overnight. It is through constant care and support, establishing a positive relationship, finding ways to connect and encourage that change will come.

Teachers recognize that it takes time to make a difference.

Paul Tough, in his book Helping Children Succeed: What Works and Why, identifies the crucial impact this long view makes. Tough states:

When kids feel a sense of belonging at school, when they receive the right kind of messages from an adult who believes they can succeed and who is attending to them with some degree of compassion and respect, they are then more likely to show up to class, to persevere longer at difficult tasks, and to deal more resiliently with the countless small-scale setbacks and frustrations that make up the typical student's school day.

The long view. Building relationships, paying attention to each child, finding ways to connect. It is not dramatic, it is not the overnight transformation; but it is effective.

I understand the need for schools to demonstrate that they are making an impact. I understand the need for schools to improve a student's life. I understand that we need to hold schools accountable for making progress.

But it is through building relationships with students that teachers know and understand how to make an impact. Assuming that change will come quickly misses the point of teaching. Teaching is a series of incremental acts that work together to have a tremendously powerful influence.